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Morphological theory in the 20th-century Western linguistics – Part 3 →  Березень 2, 2012

Morphological theory in the 20th-century Western linguistics – Part 1 Morphological theory in the 20th-century Western linguistics – Part 2 Another structuralist, Henry Gleason, criticizes school definitions of parts of speech, grounded on the semantic criterion. However, in doing so, he does not notice that the criticized classification is implicitly based not so much on […]

Morphological classifications from the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 20th century →  Березень 2, 2012

During the Middle Ages scholastic philosophers working on linguistic topics (known as “speculative” grammarians or the Modistae) took over Priscianic categories which they assumed to be valid for all languages al­though, in accordance with their ideals of science as a search for universal causes, they devoted a great deal of attention to the logical motivation […]

Morphological classifications in Ancient Indian and Latin grammars →  Березень 2, 2012

The first two extant attempts to categorize words were undertaken in two different parts of the world, in Ancient Greece by Plato and in Ancient India by Panini, author of the oldest Sanskrit grammar. In Indian grammatical tradition, the ability to inflect, that is morphological characteristic, was taken as the basic criterion dividing words into […]

Morphological classifications in Ancient Indian and Latin grammars – Part 2 →  Березень 2, 2012

Morphological classifications in Ancient Indian and Latin grammars – Part 1 Although the Alexandrians and the Stoics were rivals, their classifications are similar in many respects. Both made use of three kinds of criteria: mor­phological, syntactic and semantic. Whereas the Stoics divided Aristotelian conjunctions into case-inflected (grouping together pronouns and articles) and case-uninflected (grouping together […]