Morphological classifications in Ancient Indian and Latin grammars – Part 2 →  Березень 2, 2012

Morphological classifications in Ancient Indian and Latin grammars – Part 1 Although the Alexandrians and the Stoics were rivals, their classifications are similar in many respects. Both made use of three kinds of criteria: mor­phological, syntactic and semantic. Whereas the Stoics divided Aristotelian conjunctions into case-inflected (grouping together pronouns and articles) and case-uninflected (grouping together […]

Morphological classifications from the Ancient times to the 20th century →  Березень 1, 2012

The issue of parts of speech is a problem of grammatical division of the wordstock in a language. But at the same time the issue of dividing words into certain classes is one of the principal questions of morphology because this division is connected with word structure and paradigms, peculiar to words. The parts-of-speech problem […]

Non-finite English verb forms: Gerund →  Листопад 7, 2009

The Gerund is the most specific non-finite form of the verb in the Eng­lish language. The formal sign of the Gerund is wholly homonymous with that of Participle I: it is the suffix -ing added to its grammatically leading element. Whereas the Infinitive and the Participles are forms typical of all modern Indo-European languages, the […]

Non-finite English verb forms: Infinitive →  Листопад 7, 2009

The Infinitive is the non-finite form of the verb which combines the properties of the verb with those of the noun, serving as the verbal name of a process. By virtue of its general process-naming function, the Infinitive should be considered as the head-form of the whole paradigm of the verb. In this quality it […]

Non-finite forms of the English verb →  Листопад 7, 2009

From theoretical observations, one may conclude that the verb has pecu­liarities of two types. The peculiarities of the first type are verbal proper, i.e. they convey purely verbal grammatical meanings, meanings that no other part of speech possesses. These peculiarities (or, to be exact, categories) do not depend on syntagmatic relations, that is, they are […]