Structuralism: Methods of structural analysis

Травень 7th, 201211:50 am

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Structuralism: Methods of structural analysis

Modern scientists have come to an understanding that structural analysis has set the perfect background for the development of structuralism. Linguists see language as a complicated structure of elements, moreover all of these elements form specific relations. The main task of structuralism is to study these connections and analyze specific patterns.

In the 20th century two main theories are dominant in linguistics:

1) structuralism represented by the Prague School that created functional linguistics, the Copenhagen School which generated glossematics and American school that created descriptive linguistics.

2) inseparably connected with the name of Noam Chomsky whose work meant a fundamental breakthrough in the development of the linguistic theory in the second half of the 20th century.

The essence of structural linguistics is in (belief) that every element has its place in the integrity of language structure and it is important to establish its place, its relation to other elements and consequently to function. Structuralism grammarians are concerned with patterns of organization of structures.

Modern definition of structuralism looks as follows:

Structural linguistics

Find out more about modern views of structuralism by visiting this page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structural_linguistics

Main methods of structural analysis include:

– the distributional analysis;

– the immediate constituent (IC) analysis.

Distributional analysis aims at analyzing linguistic elements in terms of their distribution.

Distributional semantics

Information source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distributional_semantics

The immediate constituent (IC) analysis aimed at showing how small sentence components in the sentences act to to form larger constituents.

Immediate constituent analysis

Information source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immediate_constituent_analysis

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