Essential stylistic notions
– the word style is used in many senses, it is variously applied to the teaching how to write a composition, it is used to reveal the correspondence between thought and expression, it also denotes an individual manner of making use of language.
Among the most frequent definitions is one formulated by– “ is a product of individual choices and patterns of choices among linguistic possibilities”.
Various definitions of style, have nevertheless, much in common. They imply that style is a set of characteristics by which we distinguish members of one social group from members of other social group or one author from another author.
It follows then that the term style is ambiguous and needs a restrictive term of style we intend to deal with.
In stylistics the term is implied since it studies peculiarities of a writer’s individual manner of using language means to achieve the desired effect.
It follows that theof a writer is marked by its uniqueness. It can be recognized by the specific and peculiar combination of language media and stylistic devices, which in their interaction present a certain system. According to , is a unique combination of language units, expressive means and stylistic devices peculiar to a given writer, which makes the writer’s works easily recognizable.
Naturally the individual style of an author cannot be entirely independent of the literary norms and canons of literary style.
The nmainly refers to the literary language and always presupposes to recognized or received language.
Each style of language has its own variant and the invariant of the written variety of the language. The norm is the regulator, which controls a set of variants and the borders of variations. The notion form: form is a term, which refers to the recognizable shape of a text.
This shape may be either physical of abstract. It is physical in writing and abstract in spoken communication. Written forms are novels, stories, short stories, poems, articles, letters, posters, menus, ect.
Spoken forms are conversations, TV and radio commentaries, announcements, sermons, jokes, anecdotes.
The term “form” is used in linguistics and literary criticism as a technical term. It is used, when considering the shape, the construction or the type of speech of writing and awareness of form help to produce more-efficient communication.
It is quite clear thatas a branch of stylistics is closely connected to other linguistic disciplines, thus stylistic studies may be in connection with phonetics, , grammar, ect. For example, phonetics studies speech sounds, articulation, rhythmics and intonation. Stylistics in its turn concentrates on expressive sound combination, rhyming and rhythmic patterns, this especially applies to poetry.
Lexicology describes words, their origin development, structural and semantic features. Stylistics also deals with words from the point of view of their expressive potential.
Grammar describes regularities of building words, word combinations and sentences. Stylistics focuses on those grammatical regularities, which make language units expressive, hence we may speak of such branches ofas , , .
For more general information please refer to “Stylistics – Theoretical issues of stylistics“.
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