Pronoun: Grammatical categories →  June 13, 2012

Morphologically, pronouns represent quite a diverse group. Thus, the category of case is a property of the personal pronouns, in which one may observe the distinct opposition “nominative case – objective case”. The in­definite-personal pronoun one and derivatives with the components -body and -one are also marked for the case category, since they demonstrate the […]

Reciprocal pronouns →  June 13, 2012

Reciprocal pronouns are the group-pronouns each other and one an­other that express mutual action or relation. Semantic difference lies in that each other generally implies two, whereas one another two or more than two persons. This distinction, however, is not strictly observed. The reciprocal pronouns have two case forms, e.g. They looked at each other. […]

Defining pronouns →  June 13, 2012

Defining pronouns are all, each, every, everybody, everyone, everything, either, both, other, another. On the whole, the defining pronouns may be fur­ther subdivided into those having a generalizing meaning (all, each, every, everybody, everyone, everything) and those pointing out one of the two per­sons, things, etc. (either, both, other, another). The defining pronouns are characterized […]

Negative pronouns →  June 12, 2012

Most of the indefinite pronouns have the corresponding negative pro­nouns: some — no, none; something — nothing, none; somebody, someone — nobody, no one, none. The negative pronouns do not differ from indefinite ones either morphologically or syntactically. The only difference between these two groups lies in that the negative pronouns have the meaning of […]

Indefinite pronouns →  June 12, 2012

Indefinite pronouns point out a person or a thing without naming them. This group of pronouns has no definite structure; its nucleus, however, is formed by the pronouns some, any and their derivatives something, any­thing; somebody, anybody, someone, anyone. These pronouns distinguish between “person” and “non-person”, which leads to the possibility to present this opposition […]

Relative pronouns →  June 11, 2012

Relative pronouns who, whose, which, that, as not only point back to a noun or a pronoun mentioned before, but also have conjunctive power, since their function is to introduce attributive clauses. Their status of pronouns is rather relative, since they combine both the function of pure syntactic con­nectors and the ability to be a […]

Interrogative pronouns →  June 11, 2012

Interrogative pronouns are used in inquiry, to form special questions. Here belong who, whom, whose, what, which. Whom is the form of the ob­jective case of the pronoun who but there is a steady tendency in English for this form to be replaced by the nominative form who. The interrogative pronouns, due to their function, […]

Reflexive pronouns →  June 11, 2012

Reflexive pronouns point out that the doer of an action is identical with the object of this action. In modern English there is a distinct tendency to drop reflexive pronouns if this omission does not affect the meaning of the utterance: In the morning I wash (myself), dress (myself) and have my break­fast. Alongside of […]

Demonstrative pronouns →  June 10, 2012

Demonstrative pronouns differ quite distinctly from other groups of pro­nouns, since they point out a person, a thing, an event directly. The demon­strative pronouns are very different both morphologically and syntactically. For example, only the pronouns this and that have the category of number: this – these, that – those. The demonstrative pronouns arc subdivided […]

Possessive pronouns →  June 10, 2012

The pronouns my, his, her, its, our, your, their have the meaning of pos­session. Syntactically, they modify nouns and may be syntactically equaled to the article: a car, my car, a (the) new car, my new car. Possessive pronouns have two forms, namely the dependent (or con­joint) form and the independent (or absolute) form. In […]